WHAT DOES SUSTAINABILITY MEAN TO ME?
Sustainability means the property of biological systems to remain diverse and productive indefinitely; making do with what we have, not what we want.
GREEN DESIGN. ECO DESIGN. SUSTAINABLE DESIGN. RENEWABLES. ENERGY EFFICIENT. CLEAN. LOW IMPACT. THOUGHTFUL. CARBON FOOTPRINT. RECYCLING. REDUCE CONSUMPTION. ALTERNATIVE. CONSCIOUS. ETHICAL. EFFICIENT. RESOURCEFUL. CONSERVATION. FUTURE. NATURE.
HOW CAN MY PRACTICE BE MADE MORE RESOURCEFUL?
- Be hyper-aware of the materials I use
- Take a keen interest in the production and manufacture of materials (supply chain)
- Choose a low-impact transport/distribution method i.e. shipping rather than air freight
- Use local produce
- Manufacture within own country
- Build a national dialogue on responsible consumption
- Communicate sustainability goals to customers and in corporate culture
- Only do business with companies/corporations that share the same moral and ethical code
WHAT DOES SUSTAINABLE ART & DESIGN PRACTICE MEAN TO ME?
I believe it is engaging/fusing my, and other artists’, creative practice with the social and ecological issues facing the world today, earning the knowledge, language, and skills necessary to excel in this emerging field. We need to ask ourselves what our art is for; why am I making it? Sustainability in Art does not have a typical look in the way that other genres do, but rather reflects the ideas about its purpose in society.
1st and 2nd Industrial Revolution
This system evolved, from answering basic needs, to the development of trade, industry, commerce and ultimately globalisation.
We have become very good at making, selling and buying things.
Consumption is arguably a defining characteristic of our society.
THE BIG PICTURE: UNDERPINNING ECONOMIC MODEL
What is the difference between a Linear and Circular Economy?
LINEAR: Intensive resource throughout/Fast consumption/Unsustainable
CIRCULAR:Closed resource loops/Slow Consumption/Sustainable
I know which economy model I would choose…a no brainer. So why do we continue to think that the Earth’s resources are finite? It stems from a flawed economic business model that dictates success only by continued consumption and capital growth. What happens when there are no more resources to consume or exploit? Society as we know it will collapse.
Artists and designers significantly influence the nature of, and, how we engage with visual / material culture.
The choices designers make have long-term impacts…
80% of environmental impacts of a product or service can be locked-in at the design stage!!!!!!
THE RISE OF UNSUSTAINABILITY: THE BEGINNING OF INDUSTRIAL ACTIVITY
Definition of INDUSTRIAL:
- Relating to or characterised by industry
- Having highly developed industries
- Designed or suitable for industry
- Very great in extent or amount
- Relating to or denoting to a type of harsh, uncompromising rock/electronic music incorporating sounds resembling those produced by industrial machinery
- Subsistence based economy – organised around meeting basic needs
- Local scale production… Products were made by individuals or small groups in labour intensive ways i.e. hard physical work
- no intensive industrialisation
- Harmonious with nature – inherently sustainable
- Mainly agrarian based economy
- Dependant on natural and renewable resources i.e. water, wind , timber
The introduction of the scientific method transformed society by using science and reason rather than political or religious dogma to explain natural phenomena.
Isaac Newton – Mathematic Principles of Natural Philosophy (1687) • Law of Gravity
• 3 Laws of Motion
This general approach enabled us to methodically solve problems!
Trade routes,, played a vital role in the formation of empires around the globe and were often sources for the exchange of not only goods, but of people and ideas.
Invention of the Seed Drill (1701) – Jethro Tull. Allowing economic distribution of seeds. Faster and more efficient. Pioneer of Agricultural Revolution.
Invention of Spinning Jenny (1764) – James Hargreaves. Supply and Demand met by huge increase in productivity. Faster and more efficient.